Ruff Calidris pugnax (formerly Philmachus pugnax)

Although this species rarely breeds in Norfolk it can be seen in something approaching full breeding dress in late spring or early autumn (returning birds have usually appeared by early July). The species is common at coastal marshes and at a few inland sites for most of the rest of the year.

The species is unusual among waders in having a considerable size difference between males and females - females being smaller. A female Ruff is sometimes called a Reeve.

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Ruffs, Abberton Reservoir (Essex, UK), 21st August 2004

 

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Ruffs, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 5th July 2008

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 1st July 2006 (the yellow on the face appear to be some kind of infestation, perhaps ticks?)

 

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Ruff, Granelli (Sicily, Italy), 1st May 2012

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 7th July 2012

 

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Ruffs, Granelli (Sicily, Italy), 3rd May 2012

 

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Ruffs, Granelli (Sicily, Italy), 28th April 2012

 

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Ruffs, Granelli (Sicily, Italy), 29th April 2012

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 2nd August 2004 (with a Curlew Sandpiper in the 4th row down, right hand photo)

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 9th February 2008

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 9th February 2008

 

Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 17th August 2004

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 15th April 2004

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 17th August 2004

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 19th August 2005

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 22nd April 2004

 

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Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 31st August 2005

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 31st March 2007

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 31st March 2007 (same as above)

 

Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 19th August 2005

 

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Ruffs, Mpatsanjoka Dambo, Senga Bay (Malawi), 9th October 2008

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 26th March 2004

 

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Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 1st July 2006

 

Ruff, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 7th July 2007

 

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Ruff, Castro Marim (Algarve, Portugal), 28th April 2006

 

Ruffs, Titchwell (Norfolk, UK), 1st November 2008

 

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Ruffs, Welney (Norfolk, UK), 18th April 2009

 

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Ruff, Kelling (Norfolk, UK), 27th September 2003

 

Ruff, Kelling (Norfolk, UK), 25th September 2003

 

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Ruffs, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 13th October 2007

 

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Ruff, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 3rd December 2011

 

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Ruff, Thornham (Norfolk, UK), 21st February 2009

 

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Ruff, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 7th February 2009

 

Ruff, Burnham Norton (Norfolk, UK), 13th April 2009

 

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Ruffs, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 6th July 2009

 

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Ruff, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 14th February 2015

 

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Ruff, Cley (Norfolk, UK), 3rd October 2015

 

Perhaps not a species you would expect to find in captivity, but if you head to Pensthorpe you may well find some:

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captive Ruffs, Pensthorpe (Norfolk, UK), 9th March 2014